Another reason drinking is bad for You
Binge drinking can cause a lot of serious illnesses like stroke, type 2 diabetes and heart attack. But a recent study adds a new dimension to the negative impacts of binge drinking: loss of the ability to self-heal.
A recent study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research revealed that binge drinking could hospitalise people for twice as long. Binge drinking also raises the rate a person will be re-admitted. People who binge drink are also twice as likely to die in an injury as those who do not binge drink.
According to researchers from the Infectious Disease and Immunology Research Institute and Loyola University Health System in the US, longer recovery times among those who binge drink is the result of the loss of a white blood cell called ‘macrophage.’ Macrophages clean wounds and infections by fighting bacteria and dust.
The number of macrophages falls after binge drinking because alcohol stops the production of a protein called macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha, or MIP-1α. This protein is responsible for engaging macrophage to the wound.
Production of the anti-microbial protein called ‘Cramp’ is also prevented by alcohol. Cramp signals the immune system to the site of the infection and helps kill bacteria.
The researchers said ‘Together these effects likely contribute to delayed wound closure and enhanced infection severity observed in intoxicated patients.’