Carlos P. Garcia
8th President of the Philippines
Term of Office: March 23, 1957 – December 30, 1961
Vice President: Diosdado Macapagal
Birth: November 4, 1896
Place: Talibon, Bohol
Death: June 14, 1971
Spouse: Leonila Dimataga
Children: Linda Garcia-Ocampos
Famous for his austerity program and policy. He was born in Talibon, Bohol, on November 4, 1896. His parents are Policronio Garcia and Ambrosia Polistico.
After graduating from Philippine Law School in Manila in 1923, he was among the top ten in the bar examination. He became successively, a school teacher, representative in the Philippine Congress, governor of his province (Bohol), and then senator (1941-1953).
Garcia was the one who commissioned the Philippine rehabilitation at war damage claims in 1945 in the United States. During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II, Garcia was active in the resistance movement. He was elected vice president on the ticket of the Nacionalista Party in 1953 and was also minister of foreign affairs (1953-1957). He became president of the Philippines in March 1957 for eight months, upon the death of president Ramon Magsaysay, and was elected to a full four-year term the same year (The noisiest and the most expensive in Philippine history). He maintained the strong tradition ties with the United States and sought closer relation with non-communist Asian countries. In the election of November 1961 he was defeated by the vice president Diosdado Macapagal.
He left his bereaved wife, Leonila Dimataga and the only daughter Linda Garcia Campus.
He died on June 14, 1971 at the age of seventy five (75).
(By Charles Keng / The Presidents, Republic of the Philippines by Rheno A. Velasco. 1996)