FFE Magazine

Largest, Longest and Smallest Animals Found in the Philippines

With 7,107 islands and a tropical rainforest climate, it is without a doubt that the Philippines is a very diverse country when it comes to its wildlife. The Philippine forests are teeming with animals and its waters have one of the highest marine biodiversity of the world. There are thousands of animal species found in the Philippines. In fact it is one of the 17megadiverse countries declared by Conservation International in 1998.

Aside from the thousands of animal species found in the country, the discovery rate of new animals in the islands is one of the highest in the world, adding to the already impressive number. Some of these species can only be found in the Philippines. Some are endangered, with only a few numbers surviving among their species.

Aside from its share of endemic species, the Philippines also pride itself to be the home of a few animals unique for their sizes. Here is a list of the biggest and smallest animals that can be found in the Philippines:

Philippine Eagle- Largest eagle in length

The Philippine Eagle is considered the largest extant eagle in the world when it comes to length with an impressive wingspan of two meters. Also known as the monkey-eating eagle, the Philippine Eagle is the Philippines’ national bird.

The Philippine Eagle is endemic to the Philippines and is found in four major islands of Luzon, Mindanao, Samar and Leyte.  It is also considered endangered because of its disappearing habitat due to deforestation.


Philippine Tarsier- smallest primate

A trip to the island of Bohol is not complete without getting a glimpse of these wide-eyed creatures. The Philippine Tarsier is considered one of the smallest primates in the world. It measures around 3.5 to 6.25 inches, almost the size of a human fist.

The Philippine Tarsier is only found in the Philippines but other species of the animal can be found in Borneo and the islands of Sumatra and Sulawesi in Indonesia. The Philippine Tarsier is also endangered and can be found in the islands of Bohol, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao.


Giant Golden-crowned Flying Fox- largest bat in length

The Giant Golden-crowned Flying Fox is not actually a fox but a rare species of bat only found in the country; it is one of the biggest bats in the world with a wingspan of 1.5 to 1.7 meters.

Although it is found throughout the Philippines, the Giant Golden-crowned Flying is an endangered species. It is a nocturnal animal with a diet of fruits, mostly figs.


Whale Shark (Butanding)- largest fish

The Whale Shark is the largest species of fish in the world that inhabits warm- temperature seas. If you’re in the Philippines, you can get a glimpse of this huge creature in the coastal regions of Southern Leyte, Donsol in Sorsogon, Pasacao in Camarines Sur and Batangas, although Whale Shark sightings are seasonal. 

Locally known as Butanding, this animal measures up to 40 feet long or more. Despite being a shark and its size, the Butanding does not pose any harm to humans. In fact it only eats planktons, algae, krill, or small squids.


Reticulated Python- longest snake

The Reticulated Python is a species of python found in Southeast Asia. It is the longest species of snake and also the longest reptile. It has an average length of 10 to 20 feet although lengths of more than 30 feet were also reported.

The Reticulated Python can be found all throughout the Philippines and can also be found in neighbouring Southeast Asian countries like Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaysia. Despite its scary size, the Reticulated Python is a non-venomous snake and reports of attack on humans are minimal


Philippine Mouse Deer (Pilandok)- smallest hoofed animal

The Philippine Mouse Deer, locally known as Piladok, is considered the smallest hoofed animal in the world. It has a size of 40 cm at shoulder length, about the size of a rabbit.

The Pilandok is endemic to the islands of Balabac, Bugsuc and Ramos southwest of Palawan. It is a solitary nocturnal animal with a diet of leaves, flowers and other vegetation in the dense forest undergrowth. The Pilandok is also considered an endangered animal.



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